Formal v. Informal Education

[ 0 ] March 11, 2010 |

Joi Ito (Startl boardmember and friend) was ideating on the question of educating the other day, and was kind enough to share these early-stage provocative thoughts with the Startl community.

What are your thoughts on the formal versus informal education debate? Part of our goal at Startl is to develop the tools, the strategies, and the people who can help kids bridge the learning that happens inside and outside school, so it’s no longer formal versus informal education but rather formal and informal learning. 

With permission from Joi Ito’s blog entry Formal v. informal education

My sister Mimi and I are opposite in many ways. She was a straight A student and I was a solid B student. She seemed to be able to focus and get through her schoolwork easily where I struggled.

My sister ended up with her choice of any university she wanted to go to and ended up first at Harvard and then at Stanford and is now in the midst of an academic career.

I, on the other hand, was unable to get into any of my first choice universities and ended up dropping out after a few years. I was later convinced to go back to university again by a well known physicist I was working with and dropped out again after becoming disillusioned with formal education as well as my ability to pay attention and learn anything. (I also discovered the amazing community that was the Chicago nightlife scene of the late 80s.)

I think it’s fair to say that the most important thing that I learned in my formal education was touch typing in junior high school and possibly the importance of camaraderie and athletics during high school wrestling.

Despite my completely dysfunctional relationship with formal learning, I’ve been able to learn enough to run companies, give talks and be allowed to go to some of the same conferences as my sister.

I was talking to my sister whose research focus is learning and digital media. We were discussing formal learning versus informal learning and how I probably survived because I had the privilege of having access to smart people and mentors, the support of an understanding mother, an interest driven obsessive personality and access to the Internet. I completely agree that improving formal education and lowering dropout rates is extremely important, but I wonder how many people have personalities or interests that aren’t really that suited for formal education, at least in its current form.

I wonder how many people there are like me who can’t engage well with formal education, but don’t have the mentors or access to the Internet and end up dropping out despite having a good formal education available to them. Is there a way to support and acknowledge the importance of informal learning and allow those of us who work better in interest and self-motivated learning to do so without the social stigma and lack of support that is currently associated with dropping out of formal education?

Or… is the answer to make formal education more flexible and capable of supporting a wider spectrum of types of learning to enable people like me to “make it through the system”? Oddly, as my informal education has finally started to reach limits in certain areas, I find myself increasingly reaching out to formal education institutions for the rigor and depth that I need to explore my areas of interest.

My sister just posted her talk New Media and Its Superpowers: Learning, Post Pokemon which is highly relevant.

Related posts:

  1. Remix World
  2. 2010 k-12 Horizon Report – “The Notion of School is Changing”
  3. As Kids’ Media Use Increases, Will Ed-Tech Investments Follow?
  4. The Day After – Recap of Startl’s Mobile Design Boost
  5. TechStars Expanding to 15 Regions

Category: Higher Education, K-12

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